HIV/AIDS FACTS & FIGURES
- One New HIV Infection Reported Nearly Every Day In
In 2014, 307 new cases of HIV were reported in Minnesota. This is a 2% increase from 2013.
- Steadily Increasing Number Living With HIV In Minnesota
As of December 31, 2014, 7,988 people are known to be living with HIV and 3,767 living with an AIDS diagnosis in Minnesota. It is not known how many other Minnesotans are living with HIV, but have not yet been tested.
- Disproportionate Impact On Men Who Have Sex With Men Of
Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be disproportionately impacted by HIV in Minnesota. The numbers are particularly alarming among young MSM (age 24 and under).
Of the 143 adolescent and young adult males infected with HIV from 2012 to 2014, 97% of them reported male to male sexual contact or male to male sexual contact along with injecting drug use as mode of exposure to HIV.
Of particular concern, the number of early syphilis cases among males increased by 24% from 2013 to 2014. Of those newly diagnosed in 2014, 76% were men who have sex with men and 50% of these cases were co-infected with HIV.
- HIV Heavily Concentrated In Metro Area, Particularly Minneapolis
In 2014, 32% of newly reported cases of HIV resided in Minneapolis, 14% in Saint Paul, 40% in Twin Cities’ suburbs, and 14% in Greater Minnesota.
- Disproportionate Impact On Communities Of Color
Overall, 44% of newly reported cases occurred in Whites, while Whites make up 83% of Minnesota’s population.
Disproportionately impacted communities include African Americans, who comprise 20% of new HIV infections in Minnesota and yet represent only 4% of the state’s population.
Although women only make up 24% of new infections, women of color experience disproportionately higher rates of HIV in Minnesota. Of women overall, African-born women comprised 44% and African American women comprised 22% of new infections among women.
- Since the epidemic began in 1981, approximately 658,507 people in the United States with an AIDS diagnosis have died overall.
- An estimated 13,712 people with an AIDS diagnosis died in 2012.
- Since the epidemic began, an estimated 311,087 MSM with an AIDS diagnosis have died, including an estimated 5,380 in 2012.
- More than 1.2 million people in the United States are living with HIV infection, and almost 1 in 8 (12.8%) are unaware of their infection.
- Over the past decade, the number of people living with HIV has increased, while the annual number of new HIV infections has remained relatively stable. Still, the pace of new infections continues at far too high a particularly among certain groups.
- Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with
men (MSM) of all races
and ethnicities remain the population most profoundly affected by HIV.
In 2010, the estimated number of new HIV infections among MSM was 29,800, a significant 12% increase from the 26,700 new infections among MSM in 2008.
Although MSM represent about 4% of the male population in the United States, in 2010, MSM accounted for 78% of new HIV infections among males and 63% of all new infections. MSM accounted for 54% of all people living with HIV infection in 2011, the most recent year these data are available.
- The estimated number of new HIV infections was greatest among MSM in the youngest age group. In 2010, the greatest number of new HIV infections (4,800) among MSM occurred in young black/African American MSM aged 13–24. Young black MSM accounted for 45% of new HIV infections among black MSM and 55% of new HIV infections among young MSM overall.
- Blacks/African Americans continue to experience the most severe burden of
HIV, compared with other races and ethnicities.
Blacks represent approximately 12% of the U.S. population, but accounted for an estimated 44% of new HIV infections in 2010. They also accounted for 41% of people living with HIV infection in 2011.
Since the epidemic began, an estimated 270,726 blacks with AIDS have died, including an estimated 6,540 in 2012.
- Hispanics/Latinos are also disproportionately affected by HIV.
Hispanics/Latinos represented 16% of the population but accounted for 21% of new HIV infections in 2010. Hispanics/Latinos accounted for 20% of people living with HIV infection in 2011.
Disparities persist in the estimated rate of new HIV infections in Hispanics/Latinos. In 2010, the rate of new HIV infections for Latino males was 2.9 times that for white males, and the rate of new infections for Latinas was 4.2 times that for white females.
Since the epidemic began, more than 100,888 Hispanics/Latinos with an AIDS diagnosis have died, including 2,155 in 2012.
- Since the beginning of the epidemic, almost 78
million people have been infected with the HIV virus and
about 39 million people have died of HIV.
- According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were approximately 36.9 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS in 2014. Of these, 3.2 million were children (<15 years old).
- According to WHO, an estimated 2 million individuals worldwide became newly infected with HIV in 2014.
- A UNAIDS report shows that 19 million of the 35 million people living with HIV today do not know that they have the virus.
- According to WHO, an estimated 39 million people have died since the first cases were reported in 1981 and 1.5 million people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.
Data provided by Minnesota Department of Health, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, AIDS.gov, World Health Organization, UNAIDS