25 YEARS OF AN EPIDEMIC
Milestones in the Battle Against AIDS
- On June 5, the Centers for Disease Control reports an unusual outbreak of Pneumocystis carini pneumonia (PCP) among young gay men.
- In July, The New York Times reports the appearance of a rare cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, among 41 gay men in new York and California.
- The Minnesota Department of Health reports the first report of four Minnesotans living with AIDS. 100% mortality rate within the same year.
- In September, the CDC formally names the disease Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
- Minnesota AIDS Project is founded.
- 5 Minnesotans are diagnosed with AIDS. 100% mortality rate within the same year.
- The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV, the viral agent that causes AIDS, is identified.
- Ryan White, a 13 year-old hemophiliac, is diagnosed with AIDS and soon barred from school for fear the disease will spread through casual contact.
- 24 Minnesotans are diagnosed with AIDS. 100% mortality rate within the same year.
- The Aliveness Project opens its doors.
- Condoms are found to prevent the spread of HIV.
- Rock Hudson announces he has AIDS.
- 53 Minnesotans are diagnosed with AIDS. For the first time the mortality rate is 93% and continues to drop in future years.
- Open Arms of Minnesota open its doors.
- The first house for people living with HIV and AIDS (Samaritan House) opens. Samaritan House is now called Domiano and is run by Clare Housing.
- The FDA approves AZT, the first antiviral agent to treat AIDS.
- The Names Project displays 1,920 AIDS quilt panels on the Mall in Washington, D.C.
- Larry Kramer founds the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) in New York.
- President Reagan gives first speech on AIDS; 36,000 Americans had been diagnosed with HIV/AIDS and more than 20,000 had died. He does not mention the word "gay."
- 138 Minnesotans are diagnosed with AIDS. 70% mortality rate within the same year.
- After much public protest led by ACT UP, the price of AZT is lowered by 20%.
- 166 Minnesotans are diagnosed with AIDS. Less than 30% mortality rate within the same year.
- Congress passes the Ryan White CARE Act, which funds HIV care and support services for thousands of low-income Americans.
- Magic Johnson announces he is HIV+
- The Minnesota Department of Health reports there are 1,052 cases of AIDS in Minnesota. 8 cases are for children under the age of 13. 48% of the cases are people age 30-39. 13% of all cases are reported from Greater Minnesota.
- The first reports of successful combination antiretroviral therapy are published.
- President Clinton establishes the white House Office of National AIDS Policy and appoints the first national "AIDS czar."
- Hope House of St. Croix Valley opens its doors.
- Rural AIDS Action Network opens its doors.
- AZT is proven to reduce HIV transmission from mother to infant by up to 70%
- AIDS becomes the leading cause of death for all Americans between the ages of 25 and 44.
- The FDA approves the first protease inhibitor.
- American AIDS Task Force is formally incorporated.
- Park House opens its doors.
- AIDS deaths decline by nearly 20% following introduction of combination therapy for treatment of HIV.
- African-American leaders declare an AIDS "state of emergency" within the African-American community. In response, Congress creates the Minority HIV/AIDS Initiative.
- The CDC announces the AIDS death rate dropped 47% from 1996 to 1997.
- 1 new under-age-13 AIDS case is reported in Minnesota.
- Minnesota Department of Health reports 3,388 total cases of AIDS. That number reflects 1,969 deaths.
- More than 95% of new HIV infections occur in the developing world. Due to drug prices and poor health care, the majority of people with HIV in the world have no access to treatment.
- AIDS diagnoses among African-American and Latino gay and bisexual men exceed those for Anglos for the first time.
- The 13th International Conference on AIDS is held in Durban, South Africa, the first time it is held in a developing country.
- Globally, nearly 40 million people are living with HIV; 22 million have died.
- Community pressure brings drug prices down in the developing world.
- AIDS is the leading cause of death worldwide among those aged 15-59.
- Inaugural Red Ribbon Ride bicycle fundraiser takes place. The event raises over $420,000 for nine local AIDS service organizations.
- During his State of the Union address, President Bush announces the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), a five-year, $15 billion initiative to address HIV/AIDS in hard-hit countries.
- The second annual Red Ribbon Ride takes place. The event raises over $430,000 for nine local AIDS service organizations.
- 307 new cases of HIV were reported in Minnesota.
- The third annual Red Ribbon Ride takes place. The event raises over $560,000 for nine local AIDS service organizations.
- A new case of HIV is reported every 29 hours in Minnesota.
- The CDC announces that more than 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV, with an estimated 25% unaware of their sero-status.
- It is estimated that 40 million people are living with HIV/AIDS. Of these 37.5 million are adults and 2.5 million are children under 15.
- During 2005, AIDS caused the deaths of an estimated 3.2 million people, including 2.7 million adults and over 513,000 children under 15.
- The fourth annual Red Ribbon Ride takes place. The event raises over $650,000 for eight local AIDS service organizations.
- A new case of HIV is reported every 27 hours in Minnesota
- 318 new cases of HIV were reported in Minnesota
- As of December 31, 2006, 5,556 people are known to be living with HIV disease in Minnesota. This represents nearly 30% more individuals living with HIV in 2006 than in 2001.
Thank you to the Minnesota Department of Health and AIDS LifeCycle for portions of this report.